Terms and Abbreviations

Below are some commonly used abbreviations and terminologies you will find in patterns.  They are in alphabetical order for your convenience.



alt – alternate

beg – beginning

cont – continue

dec – decrease

DK – double knit (this is a weight – or thickness – of yarn, also called light worsted)

foll – following

inc – increase

r – row

rem – remain(ing)

rep – repeat

rnd – round

RS – right side (the front/outside of the work facing you)

sl – slip

sl st – slip stitch

sk – skip

st(s) – stitch(es)

WIP – work in progress

WS – wrong side (the back/inside of the work facing you)

yo – yarn over



cm – centimeter

g – grams

in – inch

m – meter

mm – millimeter

yds – yards




g st – garter stitch (knit throughout)

k – knit

kfb – knit front and back (this is an increase stitch)

k1p1 – knit 1 stitch, purl 1 stitch (this can create a rib stitch or moss stitch)

k2p2 – knit 2 stitches, purl 2 stitches (this is a wider rib stitch to k1p1, although the numbers can change)

k2tog – knit 2 stitches together (the number can change depending on how many stitches you are required to knit together – this is a decrease stitch)

k2togtbl – knit 2 stitches together through the back loops (the number also be a 3 – this is a decrease stitch but at a different angle to ‘k2tog’)

m1 – make 1 stitch (pick up the bar between the worked stitch and unworked stitch purl-wise and knit on a knit row, you pick up the stitch knit-wise on a purl row – this is an increase stitch)

p – purl

psso – pass slip stitch over (this is a decrease stitch)

p2tog – purl 2 stitches together (the number can change depending on how many stitches you are required to purl together – this is a decrease stitch)

st st – stocking stitch (knit one row, purl the next, and so on)

tbl – through back loop

yfwd – yarn forward




(The abbreviations and terms are in British English, American English versions are in [brackets])

ch – chain

cl – cluster

dc – double crochet [sc – single crochet]

dtc – double treble crochet [tc – treble crochet]

htc – half treble crochet [hdc – half double crochet]

inv dec – invisible decrease (only pick up front loops of two stitches, instead of both loops of two stitches)

tb – treble crochet [dc – double crochet]